Michael Enright is a leading expert on international competitiveness, regional economic development, and international business strategy. As a researcher, he has written definitive works on the strategies and organizations of multinational companies, the impact of foreign firms on China’s economy, regional clusters, and the competitiveness of national and regional economies.

As a teacher, he has taught EMBA, MBA, and undergraduate level courses in Strategy, International Business, International Trade and Competition, China's Business Environment, and China's Development. As an advisor, he has led projects that have reshaped national and regional strategies, altered the skylines of major cities, and transformed the strategies of major corporations. As a speaker and executive educator, he has engaged audiences in 40 countries on issues of international competitiveness, business strategy in complex and uncertain environments, and developments in China and Asia. As a Board Director, he has participated in the formulation and oversight of strategies for multi-billion dollar companies, while serving on Strategy, Audit, HR, and Remuneration Committees.


  • PhD Business Economics and Dean’s Doctoral Fellow, Harvard University
  • MBA with distinction, Harvard Business School
  • AB with honors, Harvard College

Selected Books

  • Developing China: The Remarkable Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (Routledge 2017).
  • With Richard Petty, Australia’s Competitiveness: From Lucky Country to Competitive Country (Wiley 2013).
  • With W. John Hoffmann (editors), China Into the Future: Making Sense of the World’s Most Dynamic Economy (Wiley 2008).
  • With Edith Scott and Chang Ka-Mun, Regional Powerhouse: The Greater Pearl River Delta and the Rise of China (Wiley 2005).
  • With Edith Scott and David Dodwell, The Hong Kong Advantage (Oxford University Press 1997).
  • With Antonio Francés and Edith Scott Saavedra, Venezuela: The Challenge of Competitiveness (St. Martin’s Press 1996). Published in Spanish as Venezuela: El reto de la competitividad (Fondo Fintec/Ediciones IESA 1994).
  • With Rolf Weder (editors), Studies in Swiss Competitive Advantage (Peter Lang 1995).
  • With Graham Crocombe and Michael Porter, Upgrading New Zealand’s Competitive Advantage (Oxford University Press 1991).
  • With Silvio Borner, Michael Porter, and Rolf Weder, Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein Strategisches Konzept für die Schweiz (Campus/NZZ 1991).

Selected Papers

  • “To succeed in China, focus on interests rather than rules,” Columbia FDI Perspectives, No. 225, May 7, 2018.
  • “The location of activities of manufacturing multinationals in the Asia-Pacific,” Journal of International Business Studies, 40 (5), 2009, 818-839.
  • With Venkat Subramanian, “An Organizing Framework for MNC Subsidiary Typologies,” Management International Review, 47 (6), 2007, 895-924.
  • “Regional Management Centers in the Asia-Pacific,” Management International Review, 45 (1) Special Issue, 2005, 59-82.
  • “The Roles of Regional Management Centers,” Management International Review, 45 (1) Special Issue, 2005, 83-102.
  • With Xiaohong Wu and Thomas Hout, “The Long Emergence of a Modern Insurance Industry in China,” Global Economic Review, 34 (2), June 2005, 181-200.
  • With Joan Ricart, Pankaj Ghemawat, Tarun Khanna, and Stuart Hart, “New Frontiers in International Strategy,” Journal of International Business Studies, 35 (3), 2004, 175-200.
  • With Brian H. Roberts, “Industry Clusters in Australia: Recent Trends and Prospects,” European Planning Studies, 12 (1), 2004, 99-121.
  • With Brian Roberts. “Regional Clustering in Australia,” Australian Journal of Management, 26, 2001, 65-85.
  • “Regional Clusters and Multinational Enterprises: Independence, Dependence, or Interdependence?,” International Studies of Management & Organization, 30 (2), 2000, 114-138.
  • “The Geographic Scope of Competitive Advantage,” in Elke Dirven, Joost Groenewegen, and Sjef van Hoof (editors), Stuck in the Region?: Changing Scales for Regional Identity (Utrecht: Netherlands Geographic Studies, 155, 1993), 87-102.

Selected Book Chapters

  • “China’s Inward Investment: Approach and Impact,” in Julien Chaisse (editor) China’s International Investment Strategy: Bilateral, Regional, and Global Law and Policy, (Oxford University Press 2019), 23-40.
  • With Kirstie Tam, James Newton, and Roger Strange, “Location-Specific Advantages and Regional Competitiveness: A Study of Financial Service MNEs in Hong Kong,” in John H. Dunning and Philippe Gügler (editors), Foreign Direct Investment, Location and Competitiveness, (Elsevier 2008), 159-174.
  • “Regional Clusters: What we know and what we should know,” in Johannes Bröcker, Dirk Dohse, and Rüdiger Soltwedel (editors), Innovation Clusters and Interregional Competition, (Springer 2003), 99-129
  • “Trends in Multinational Strategies and Organizations in the Asia-Pacific,” in H. Haraguchi and K. Shimokawa (editors), Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and the East Asian Industrial System, (Springer-Verlag 2002), 41-68.
  • “Globalization, Regionalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy in Hong Kong,” in John Dunning (editor), Globalization, Regions, and the Knowledge-Based Economy, (Oxford University Press 2000), 381-406.
  • “The Globalization of Competition and the Localization of Competition: Policies Toward Regional Clustering,” in Neil Hood and Stephen Young (editors), The Globalization of Multinational Enterprise Activity and Economic Development, (Macmillan 2000), 303-331.
  • “Regional Clusters and Firm Strategy,” in Alfred Chandler, Peter Hagström, and Örjan Sölvell (editors), The Dynamic Firm, (Oxford University Press 1998), 315-342.
  • “Regional Clusters and Economic Development: A Research Agenda,” in Udo Staber, Norbert Schaefer, and Basu Sharma (editors), Business Networks: Prospects for Regional Development, (De Gruyter 1996), 190-214.
  • “Organization and Coordination in Geographically Concentrated Industries,” in Naomi Lamoreaux and Daniel Raff (editors), Coordination and Information: Historical Perspectives on the Organization of Enterprise, (Chicago University Press for the NBER 1995), 103-142.